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A. Geographical location

     Lavan is an island of Coral and related to the fourth period of geology and is located about 16 km from the coast of Iran (opposite the port of the official). The geographical position of the  island is 53 degrees long, 26 and 50 minutes long latitude, and is 20 kilometers long and 4.5to 7  kilometers wide. About 45 square kilometers of non-residential and semi-rocky parts of the island are captured by the National Iranian Oil Company.

B . Population

     The native population of the Lavan Island is currently around 1,000, some of which are

 immigrants from the Lamerd area and some of the black-headed survivors brought by the

Portuguese as slave to the island.

C. Weather
      The temperature in the summer is between 37 to 45 degrees and in the winter is 25 to 10
 degrees centigrade. Relative humidity is 80 to 100 percent in the summer and 10 to 30 percent
in winter, and the average rainfall in the year is about 50 millimeters.